Chapter

Origin, Rise, and Destruction of a Psychoanalytic Culture in Fascist Italy, 1922–1938

Mauro Pasqualini

in Psychoanalysis and Politics

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199744664
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932863 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744664.003.0012
Origin, Rise, and Destruction of a Psychoanalytic Culture in Fascist Italy, 1922–1938

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Mauro Pasqualini provides a genealogy of the relationship between Italian psychoanalytic culture and Fascism from 1922 until 1938. During this time, a “small but intense psychoanalytic culture” developed. Pasqualini makes the novel argument that prior to 1938, the relationship between psychoanalysis and Fascism was more fluid than scholars have suggested. The Italian regime was receptive to modernist and avant-garde trends, and integrated them into a particularly Italian Fascist modernity. While bureaucrats were interested in psychoanalysis, Freudians also actively presented psychoanalysis in a form acceptable to the regime. Psychoanalytic culture continued to develop until 1930 when it incited both feverish support and fervent attack. Even then, there were opportunities for compromises to be made within Fascist Italy until mid-1938 when anti-Semitic policies banished Italian psychoanalytic culture.

Keywords: psychoanalysis; Italy; fascism; Trieste; Edoardo Weiss; anti-Semitism

Chapter.  13761 words. 

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