Psychoanalysis under the Vichy Regime

Annick Ohayon

in Psychoanalysis and Politics

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199744664
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932863 | DOI:
Psychoanalysis under the Vichy Regime

Show Summary Details


Annick Ohayon’s chapter examines in detail the lives of the psychoanalysts who formed the Société Psychanalytique de Paris, and the effect of the political events on them during the German occupation of France. Ohayon charts the political division within the group, showing the relationship between the psychoanalysts and the Vichy Regime depended upon the various attitudes of each analyst. Although some members of the group collaborated with the regime (such as René Laforgue and Georges Mauco), others were members of the Resistance (Sacha Nacht and Paul Schiff, who were both Jewish) or in exile (like Princess Marie Bonaparte). Despite this and the banning of Freud’s work, the majority continued in private practice without involvement in politics. Many also worked in public institutions under the Vichy regime, but Ohayon argues that this does not mean they should be understood as collaborators. In this politically polarized environment, the attitude of each analyst was strongly tied to his or her commitments as a citizen, rather than status as an analyst.

Keywords: psychoanalysis in Vichy France; Société Psychanalytique de Paris; Vichy France; René Laforgue; Georges Mauco; Sacha Nacht; Paul Schiff; Princess Marie Bonaparte

Chapter.  11945 words. 

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.