Psychoanalysis in Franco’s Spain (1939–1975): <i>Crónica de una “agonía” anunciada</i>

Anne-Cécile Druet

in Psychoanalysis and Politics

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199744664
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932863 | DOI:
Psychoanalysis in Franco’s Spain (1939–1975): Crónica de una “agonía” anunciada

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Anne-Cécile Druet’s chapter charts the practices, polices, and organization of psychoanalysis in Franco’s Spain. During this dictatorship the first Spanish psychoanalytical society was created and recognized by the government. This occurred despite the anti-Freudian stance of the psychiatric establishment. Druet demonstrates that the strategic silence of leading Spanish psychoanalysts enabled psychoanalysis to quietly develop and be publicly tolerated in Spain at this time. When psychoanalysts were persecuted, however, it was for their political views and ethnic background, not for their theoretical beliefs, even when these theoretical beliefs opposed the values promoted by the regime. Druet argues that the need for compliance by psychoanalytic groups under Franco and their lack of interest in Lacan meant subsequent generations rejected their psychoanalytic practice and as being part of the crumbling dictatorship’s psychiatric world.

Keywords: Franco; Spain; Spanish IPA; psychoanalysis; Lacan

Chapter.  11109 words. 

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