Psychoanalysis in Brazil during Vargas’ Time

C. Lucia and M. Valladares de Oliveira

in Psychoanalysis and Politics

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199744664
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932863 | DOI:
Psychoanalysis in Brazil during Vargas’ Time

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C. Lucia M. Valladares de Oliveira’s chapter focuses on psychoanalytic practices in Brazil under the dictatorship of Vargas between 1930 and 1945. The author identifies three key areas in which psychoanalysis gained prominence after 1930: public health (in the form of the children's clinic), analytic training [inspired by the model of the International Psychoanalytical Association (IPA)], and the human sciences (in university academic teaching). The interaction between these practices and institutions and the political life of the country is examined in detail. Valladares de Oliveira argues that the authoritarian thinking that dominated the Vargas dictatorship did not prevent the flourishing of psychoanalysis. In fact, psychoanalysis was readily accommodated by intellectuals from the left and right, as well as by the government, as it was seen as being able to contribute to nation building.

Keywords: The Arthur Ramos Clinic; Child Guidance Clinic; São Paulo; Analyst training; Psychoanalytic Group of São Paulo; psychoanalysis and the human sciences

Chapter.  10600 words. 

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