Chapter

Psychoanalysis in Argentina under Peronism and Anti-Peronism (1943–1963)

Alejandro Dagfal

in Psychoanalysis and Politics

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199744664
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932863 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744664.003.0023
Psychoanalysis in Argentina under Peronism and Anti-Peronism (1943–1963)

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Alejandro Dagfal’s examines the relationship between psychoanalysis and politics from 1943 until 1963 in Argentina. During this time the rule of the country moved from Peronism to anti-Peronism and through this period, the author charts the complex processes and social relationships that contributed to the institutionalization of psychoanalysis and its broad diffusion in Argentina. Dagfal argues that some institutionalized psychoanalytical practices were able to develop more readily under the “soft” military dictatorship (1955–1958) than they could earlier under a freely elected and popular government with authoritarian tendencies (1946–1955). For Péron, psychoanalysis was part of a culture of consumption that he wanted to eradiate. The Argentine intellectual classes were opposed to Péron, and the resistance of the Peronist government was not to psychoanalysis itself, but to the social class that practiced it.

Keywords: The Argentine Psychoanalytic Association; Juan Péron; class; Peronism; Anti-Peronism

Chapter.  15063 words. 

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