Chapter

The Social Diffusion of Psychoanalysis during the Brazilian Military Regime: Psychological Awareness in an Age of Political Repression

Jane A. Russo

in Psychoanalysis and Politics

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199744664
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932863 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744664.003.0025
The Social Diffusion of Psychoanalysis during the Brazilian Military Regime: Psychological Awareness in an Age of Political Repression

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Jane A. Russo examines the growth and proliferation of psychoanalytic culture in Brazil during the military dictatorship of the 1970s. A strong case is made that the increase in psychoanalysis seen at this time was not just a direct response to political repression. Instead Russo places it as part of a longer process of modernization that began in the 1950s and was greatly influenced by the social reform movements in the 1960s and 1970s. This influence meant that individual transformation was seen as a prerequisite for social transformation. Additionally, the Brazilian psychoanalytic community was influenced by both Jewish and Nazi European exiles. Russo argues that the development of a psychoanalytic culture during a military dictatorship produced particular features in Brazilian psychoanalytic culture that remain today, between (bad) conservative, orthodox psychoanalysis, and (good) libertarian psychoanalysis.

Keywords: Rio de Janeiro; Amilcar Lobo; Sociedade Brasileira de Psicanálise do Rio de Janeiro (Brazilian Psychoanalytic Society of Rio de Janeiro––SBPRJ); Psychoanalytic Association of the State of Rio de Janeiro (APERJ-Rio 4); 1970s

Chapter.  9812 words. 

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