Chapter

Child Victims in the Criminal Justice System

Tali Gal

in Child Victims and Restorative Justice

Published in print July 2011 | ISBN: 9780199744718
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199897476 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744718.003.0004

Series: Interpersonal Violence

Child Victims in the Criminal Justice System

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This chapter first uncovers the strains generated from the involvement in the criminal justice process for all victims. Next, it considers the unique difficulties for child victims, resulting in short as well as long term effects on children's emotional wellbeing and behaviour. Some recent reforms and findings regarding their partial success are discussed. Finally, the chapter evaluates the criminal justice system through the needs-rights model. Analyzed this way, it becomes clear that even if all victim-friendly reforms were to be applied to all cases of child victims, children's rights and needs would still not be met in a satisfactory way. Their rehabilitation and best interests, while possibly in the background, are not assigned high priority in the process. Child victims' participation is limited and problematic. Important aspects of children's development and the right to equality are further neglected. In the concluding part, some suggestions for improving current criminal justice processes are presented.

Keywords: criminal justice; law reform; child victims; child witnesses

Chapter.  14440 words.  Illustrated.

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