Chapter

Theophilus Gale

Dewey D. Wallace, Jr.

in Shapers of English Calvinism, 1660–1714

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780199744831
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199897339 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744831.003.0004

Series: Oxford Studies in Historical Theology

Theophilus Gale

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It has usually been thought that Calvinism and Puritanism were inhospitable to the currents of ancient theology and hermetic lore that were important elements of Renaissance Learning. But Theophilus Gale (1629–1678) was a Puritan Calvinist who devoted himself to producing a multivolume masterwork entitled The Court of the Gentiles that developed a version of this material. Largely based on philology, Gale argued that all ancient language, knowledge, and philosophy (including that of Plato) derived from the Jews, who had received it as divine revelation, although the Gentiles who borrowed it also corrupted it. Gale's work presented a scheme for the organization of all knowledge and a reformed Platonism that he thought restored the original true philosophy. Gale was also a high Calvinist who emphasized predestination and thought moral virtue impossible without divine grace.

Keywords: Theophilus Gale; ancient theology; Platonism; predestination; Calvinism; Puritanism

Chapter.  15134 words. 

Subjects: Christianity

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