Chapter

The Reconstructive Neurosurgery of Spinal Cord Injury

Justin M Brown

in Restorative Neurology of Spinal Cord Injury

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780199746507
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199918768 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746507.003.0006
The Reconstructive Neurosurgery of Spinal Cord Injury

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This chapter describes “reconstructive” neurosurgery as the functional neurosurgical counterpart to restorative neurology and reviews its use in spinal cord injury. It presents a conceptual framework for understanding the “new anatomy” caused by trauma to the spinal cord and how interventions must capitalize upon its unique features. The chapter covers neurosurgical methods to reduce spasticity and augment function in upper and lower limbs by decreasing pathological input to spinal motor structures. It also considers peripheral nerve and tendon transfer techniques and treatment to improve control.

Keywords: reconstructive neurosurgery; functional neurosurgery; spasticity reduction; functional augmentation; nerve transfer; tendon transfer

Chapter.  14280 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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