Revisiting “Suspended Affixation” and Other Coordinate Mysteries*

Jaklin Kornfilt

in Functional Heads

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199746736
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199949519 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax

Revisiting “Suspended Affixation” and Other Coordinate Mysteries*

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This chapter discusses “suspended affixation” in the nominal and verbal morphology of Turkish and addresses some instances of ill-formed versus well-formed “suspension.” It argues that the crucial distinction is syntax versus the lexicon: those affixes that can be “suspended” are syntactic functional heads in phrasal or clausal architecture (i.e., they are merged syntactically). On the other hand, those affixes that are part of the lexical word formation cannot distribute because “suspended affixation” is the familiar “right node raising”. In other words, this is a syntactic process that applies to syntactic constituents. Thus, only those affixes can be “suspended” that are syntactic heads—and, for our purposes, are heads of functional projections.

Keywords: suspended affixation; nominal morphology; verbal morphology; Turkish; affixes

Chapter.  7416 words. 

Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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