Environmental Campaigns and the Adoption and Implementation of Renewable Portfolio Standards

Ion Bogdan Vasi

in Winds of Change

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9780199746927
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199827169 | DOI:
Environmental Campaigns and the Adoption and Implementation of Renewable Portfolio Standards

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This chapter examines the way in which environmental groups and activists shape the energy policymaking processes in countries that have very good wind potential but a social context that is less favorable to the environmental movement. It shows that the environmental movement can contribute to the adoption and implementation of policies such as a renewable portfolio standard (RPS) through its campaigns against nuclear power, air pollution, and global climate change. However, while environmental groups mobilize large green‐energy advocacy coalitions to shape the adoption and implementation of pro–renewable energy policies, their ability to reach their goals is severely limited when they lack influential political allies and when they face a biased mass media and less‐favorable public opinion. The environmental movement in the United Kingdom influenced the revision of the Renewables Obligation (RO) policy and the adoption of a feed‐in tariff. In the United States and Canada, environmental groups had little impact on the federal policymaking process but contributed to state and provincial governments' decisions to adopt renewable portfolio standards and feed‐in tariffs.

Keywords: environmental organizations; antinuclear campaigns; global climate change; wind energy; renewable portfolio standard

Chapter.  14726 words. 

Subjects: Environment

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