Chapter

The Livian Revival

Alan Cameron

in The Last Pagans of Rome

Published in print December 2010 | ISBN: 9780199747276
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199866212 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199747276.003.0015
The Livian Revival

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The most famous of all Latin subscriptions are those that, in various forms and combinations, close each of the first nine books of Livy in a number of manuscripts. This chapter considers two incomplete Symmachan attempts to produce a corrected Livy. No one has ever attempted to distinguish the copy made for Valerianus from the copy attested by the subscriptions. Yet at the same time no one has drawn the full consequences of identifying them. The chapter concludes that there are no grounds for distinguishing between an “edition” prepared for Valerianus in 401 and a mere copy sent to Protadius in 396. The only difference between Valerianus's Livy and Protadius's Livy is that Valerianus had asked for more—all 142 books as against a mere 6. Naturally, it took correspondingly longer to correct, 164 whence the delays for which Symmachus apologized. But neither was anything more than a copy made from Symmachus's personal exemplar and duly corrected against that exemplar.

Keywords: Livy; manuscripts; Latin subscriptions; paganism; Roman aristocrats; Valerianus; Symmachus

Chapter.  16046 words. 

Subjects: Religion in the Ancient World

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