Chapter

Opening the Files

F. E. Peters

in Jesus and Muhammad

Published in print November 2010 | ISBN: 9780199747467
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199894796 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199747467.003.0002
Opening the Files

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This chapter opens the dossiers on Jesus and Muhammad. The sources on each are, as it turns out, essentially literary: historical biographies composed by the followers of the two holy men, principally the four canonical Gospels for Jesus and the Sira or Life by Ibn Ishaq for Muhammad. But there is more. In Jesus’ case, there are, possibly, the non-canonical Gospels, and the era of his lifetime in Palestine is covered by the near-contemporary writings of Josephus and the Essenes of Qumran who provide essential background. For Muhammad, there are his own words in the Quran and the thousands of “reports” of his words and deeds that lie embedded in later Muslim writings.

Keywords: Jesus; Gospels; apocryphal Gospels; Josephus; Dead Sea Scrolls; Muhammad; Sira; Quran; hadith

Chapter.  10467 words. 

Subjects: East Asian Religions

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