“Up against the Wall, Redneck Mother”

Travis D. Stimeling

in Cosmic Cowboys and New Hicks

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780199747474
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199896981 | DOI:
                   “Up against the Wall, Redneck Mother”

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While some songwriters in Austin celebrated a rural Texan utopia, still others used their music to comment upon the complex issues of race, class, and gender that shaped the pastoral visions of Austin's progressive country music scene. Drawing upon the imagery of Merle Haggard's 1969 hit, “Okie from Muskogee,” musicians such as Kinky Friedman, Gary P. Nunn, and Ray Wylie Hubbard challenged what they believed to be the naϯveté of Austin's “cosmic cowboys” and the racism of rural Anglo-Texans.

Keywords: Kinky Friedman; Gary P. Nunn; Merle Haggard; Ray Wylie Hubbard; Okie

Chapter.  5396 words. 

Subjects: Popular Music ; American Music

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