Chapter

Immigration and Citizenship Regimes in a Globalizing World

Catarina Kinnvall and Paul Nesbitt-Larking

in The Political Psychology of Globalization

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780199747542
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199897254 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199747542.003.0011
Immigration and Citizenship Regimes in a Globalizing World

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Chapter 2 is designed to set the large historical and social structural context for the book. It develops the concept of identity strategies in the context of globalization and states that the emergence of Muslim and majority identity strategies unfolds in three acts: first, the process of decolonization and the realities of post-World War II immigration; second, the rise and fall of the Cold War; and, third, the post-Cold War era of postcolonial complexity, in which growing mobility and communication in conjunction with the rediscovery of anchors of ontological security has both accentuated ethnoreligious existence and rendered identity strategies more complex. The chapter establishes how throughout the period from decolonization to deconstruction, the identity opportunities of Muslims in the West have become more globalized and complex. The chapter provides brief profiles of individual countries and distinguishes between three broad citizenship regimes. It further argues that the postwar context constitutes the era in which retreatism emerges as a default identity strategy.

Keywords: identity strategies; retreatism; postwar developments; immigration; postcolonialism; ontological security; citizenship regimes

Chapter.  14508 words. 

Subjects: Social Psychology

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