Chapter

The Politics of Essentialism

Catarina Kinnvall and Paul Nesbitt-Larking

in The Political Psychology of Globalization

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780199747542
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199897254 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199747542.003.0017
The Politics of Essentialism

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Chapter 6 begins with a short elaboration of essentialism and its general characteristics. The chapter then considers in turn: France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Denmark, Sweden, and Canada, each discussed in the context of evidence of essentialist strategies among both Muslim minority and majority populations. As explained throughout the chapter, citizenship regimes and dominant cultures condition actions and reactions among minority and majority communities that attempt to invoke signifiers of nation, race, religion, and gender in the service of sociocultural security. These have further isolated and alienated Muslims minorities, notably postdiasporic minorities, some of who have turned to versions of religion that are thin, authoritarian, literalist, and fundamentalist. These orientations have then served as platforms from which to make demands for further group separation and for the deepening of parallel societies.

Keywords: essentialism; majority; minority; postdiaspora Muslims; France; the Netherlands; the United Kingdom; Denmark; Sweden; Canada

Chapter.  20159 words. 

Subjects: Social Psychology

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