Chapter

The Old Testament as the First Book of the New

Michael Cameron

in Christ Meets Me Everywhere

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199751297
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199950584 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751297.003.0008

Series: Oxford Studies in Historical Theology

The Old Testament as the First Book of the New

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Augustine's former mentor Faustus wrote a polemical handbook for Manichean missionaries called the Capitula (“Chapters”) that attacked the faith and practice of Catholics, especially their reverence for the Old Testament, as a kind of crypto-Judaism. Against Faustus, Augustine's return assault on Manichean views of Christ and Scripture, reveals the full Augustinian perspective on figurative hermeneutics. For him Jesus' Jewishness grounds salvation in actual human history. When Christ humanly fulfilled Scripture's cornerstone commands to love God and neighbor, he “made the Law grace and truth.” That revealed the contours of continuity-within-change between the Testaments wherein the New lay in the Old “like fruit in the root.” Now a distinctive Christian mode of reading receives grace from the Law and truth from the Prophets, while it also discerns the dynamics of Christ's love and justice in the narratives about Israel's ancient saints.

Keywords: Capitula; Jews; prophecy; fulfillment; moral works; sacramental works; mysticus; sacrament; intertextual weaving

Chapter.  13238 words. 

Subjects: Christian Theology

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