Chapter

The Bible

Robert Eisen

in The Peace and Violence of Judaism

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9780199751471
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199894833 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751471.003.0002
The Bible

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This chapter examines the foundational text of Judaism. The first reading argues that the Bible promotes violence. The key problem is God’s covenant with the Israelites that implies that the Israelites are superior to other nations. The moral difficulty with this idea comes out in full force with the divine command to annihilate the Canaanites and Amalekites. The same problem is evident in the depictions of the messianic era in which the enemies of Israel will be destroyed. The second reading argues that the Bible promotes peace. The Bible, in fact, has a mostly positive view of non-Israelites. In the first chapter of Genesis, human beings are created in God’s image. God’s covenantal relationship with Israel does not assume that the gentiles are inferior to the Israelites. Israel’s purpose is to serve in a mediating role so that the nations receive God’s blessings.

Keywords: Bible; covenant; God; Canaanites; Amalekites; messianic era; Israel; God’s image; gentiles

Chapter.  27066 words. 

Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies

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