Methodological Approaches to Scientific and Technological Thinking

Michael E. Gorman

in Psychology of Science

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199753628
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950027 | DOI:
Methodological Approaches to Scientific and Technological Thinking

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This chapter provides a taxonomy of the methodological approaches psychologists have taken to studying scientific and technological thinking, based on an analogy to biological methods, including in vitro studies of nonscientists working on simulations of science and in vivo studies of scientists working in their laboratories. Tacit knowledge is incorporated into the taxonomy. Scholars in science and technology studies have discovered a new category of expertise which they refer to as interactional, or the ability to talk like a member of a particular scientific community without being able to do the research. Interactional expertise is a topic that should be explored by psychologists of science; the chapter describes how. The chapter ends by considering what it would take to make psychology of science into a field, and whether that is desirable.

Keywords: scientific thinking; technological thinking; biological methods; in vitro studies; in vivo studies; tacit knowledge; taxonomy of methods; scientific communities

Chapter.  6566 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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