Chapter

Scientists Are Human

Anthony G. Greenwald

in Psychology of Science

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199753628
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950027 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0011
Scientists Are Human

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Scientists have conflicts of interest that, operating outside of awareness, cause them to inappropriately favor their preferred theories and disfavor competitors' theories. These conflicts of interest can be traced to implicit affective-cognitive processes that have only recently been described theoretically and empirically. They threaten objectivity in performance of four types of scientific roles: gatekeepers, reviewers, expert witnesses, and researchers. Eliminating the undesired effects of these conflicts of interest may require development of ethical codes that specify satisfactory conflict-management strategies.

Keywords: conflict of interest; implicit processes; gatekeepers; reviewers; expert witnesses; researchers; ethical codes; conflict-management

Chapter.  5112 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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