Chapter

Prelude to the Eucharistic Controversy

Amy Nelson Burnett

in Karlstadt and the Origins of the Eucharistic Controversy

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780199753994
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199894987 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753994.003.0002

Series: Oxford Studies in Historical Theology

Prelude to the Eucharistic Controversy

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This chapter summarizes Martin Luther's earliest discussions of the mass and describes the unrest in Wittenberg between 1521 and 1522 caused by efforts to reform the mass. The reforming party acted quickly to suppress the claim that adoration of the host was idolatry, a position understood as an attack on Christ's corporeal presence, but it was divided over the pace and extent of liturgical change. Andreas Karlstadt celebrated the first evangelical Lord's Supper at Christmas, but on his return to Wittenberg in March Luther abolished several of Karlstadt's liturgical innovations. Although there was substantial agreement between Luther and Karlstadt concerning the Lord's Supper, they disagreed over whether liturgical change was required by divine law or was subordinate to Christian freedom. Their disagreement first raised the question of authority: How were evangelicals to decide between competing interpretations of Scripture?

Keywords: Martin Luther; Andreas Bodenstein von Karlstadt; Wittenberg; mass; Lord's Supper; adoration; liturgy; authority

Chapter.  12574 words. 

Subjects: Christianity

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