Chapter

Citizenship in the Enabling State: The Changing Balance of Rights and Obilgations

Neil Gilbert

in Social Policy and Citizenship

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199754045
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199979455 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754045.003.0019

Series: International Policy Exchange Series

Citizenship in the Enabling State: The Changing Balance of Rights and Obilgations

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This chapter analyzes the transformation of the welfare state, the reasons for this change, its substantive character, and implications for social citizenship. The transformation is seen as driven by structural and sociopolitical pressures generated from four sources: demographic shifts, globalization of the economy, knowledge of unanticipated consequences of past policies, and growing faith in the market economy. The changes that emerge involve increasing privatization, promotion of work-oriented measures, targeting of social benefits, and a new understanding of the social contract. The rights of citizenship now emphasize the obligations and right to work and earn a living wage. The policy implications of this development are explored.

Keywords: enabling state; privatization; social rights; social contract; passive benefits; active benefits

Chapter.  7396 words.  Illustrated.

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