Chapter

Changes in Social Citizenship in France in A Comparative Perspective: “Activation Strategies” and their Traces

Jean-Claude Barbier

in Social Policy and Citizenship

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199754045
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199979455 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754045.003.0032

Series: International Policy Exchange Series

Changes in Social Citizenship in France in A Comparative Perspective: “Activation Strategies” and their Traces

Show Summary Details

Preview

One of the main reforms of “social citizenship” in the past 20 years has certainly been the gradual introduction of “activation” strategies across an increasing number of policy fields. Firstly, the normative discourses that justify social policy, and benefit distribution in particular, have changed in tone: an ideological shift has been documented, incorporating a rhetoric concerning “duties” and “rights.” It is not only the levels of benefits available that have changed, but much broader “benefits” are involved, which individuals gain from participating in society, including for instance the right to share the advantages of full employment with others, and they also benefit from the “right” not to be put in a stigmatized category and the right to have their autonomy as an individual respected. Considerable national variation has persisted in this respect. In Scandinavian countries, the strategy for activating social protection has been accompanied by a broad and open public debate. The situation has been very different when activation reforms were introduced in other countries, such as Germany, France, or the United Kingdom.

Keywords: activation strategies; workfare; social assistance; employment policies; social protection

Chapter.  10208 words. 

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.