Chapter

Italy: A Territorial And Generational Divide in Social Citizenship

Valeria Fargion

in Social Policy and Citizenship

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199754045
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199979455 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754045.003.0036

Series: International Policy Exchange Series

Italy: A Territorial And Generational Divide in Social Citizenship

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The chapter places the discussion of recent social policy reforms in a historical perspective and argues that Italy never followed the path that Marshall identified for the development of citizenship. The roots of many current problems date back to the very origins of the nation, when two quite separate social, cultural, and economic formations developed; 150 years later, Italy is still struggling with a major North–South divide, which social policy measures have constantly and conspicuously exacerbated. The chapter continues by illustrating how the social policy reforms introduced over the past 15 years, particularly labor market deregulation, added to the territorial divide a further intergenerational divide. the last section of the chapter argues that despite Italy’s distinctiveness, the Berlusconi government’s approach to social policy was in fact quite similar to prevailing European strategies, thereby suggesting that Italy might move directly to a post-Marshallian phase. However, the unexpected move to Monti’s technocratic cabinet opens a new scenario in which it appears plausible that at last the major inequities of the Italian social protection system will be fruitfully addressed.

Keywords: Italian welfare state; territorial divide; intergenerational divide; social citizenship

Chapter.  11613 words.  Illustrated.

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