Chapter

Climate Change and Oceanography

Tim R. McClanahan and Joshua E. Cinner

in Adapting to a Changing Environment

Published in print November 2011 | ISBN: 9780199754489
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199918843 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754489.003.0003
Climate Change and Oceanography

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This chapter briefly describes the current understanding of the recent geological history of climate and oceanography in the Indian Ocean and its implications for human-induced climate change. A series of dry and wet rainfall oscillations over the past few millenniums are associated with periods of prosperity and hardship for the people of the region. There is an emerging warming trajectory in the region reflected in a number of proxies and confirmed by various sources of environmental data. This is leading to more drought conditions in most of the region, extreme weather, and stressful temperature conditions for marine and other organisms. This trend and heterogeneity is expected to increase and the net effects will challenge the region’s ecology and human wellbeing.

Keywords: drought; oceanographic oscillations; paleoclimate; rainfall; temperature trends

Chapter.  4740 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology

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