Rationalist Metaphysics of Mind

Patricia Kitcher

in Kant’s Thinker

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9780199754823
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199855889 | DOI:
Rationalist Metaphysics of Mind

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This chapter situates Kant’s theory of the ‘I-think’ in the context of Rationalist theories of the soul. It lays out Leibniz’s metaphysics of the ‘soul,’ which Kant transforms in accord with his project of ‘scientific’ metaphysics into an epistemological claim that rational cognition requires the use of an ‘I-concept.’ It also presents debates about the nature of mental powers and faculties and summarizes some of the views of Rational Psychology that Kant criticizes in the Paralogisms.

Keywords: Leibniz; soul; powers and faculties; Rational Psychology

Chapter.  6750 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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