Chapter

Angles of Influence

G. Scott Davis

in Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780199755042
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950508 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755042.003.0006
Angles of Influence

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This chapter surveys the impact of Muslim culture on conceptions of just war and the righteous warrior in the literature and laws of medieval Christian Spain. The first part contrasts the image of Islam in The Song of Roland and in The Poem of the Cid. These two works highlight the contrast between the parochialism of French chivalry and the pluralism of Spain. The second section is an analysis of Las Siete Partidas, a legal code dating from the reign of Alfonso X of Castile (1252–84). The possibility of a link between Spanish “pluralism” and the Malikite inclination to interpret shari‘a with an eye to the public good seems to underlie the more accommodating tendencies of Averroes. The final section focuses on the work of Vitoria, Soto, and the Second Scholastic as an attempt to reinvigorate pluralism against the imperial claims of both the papacy and the Habsburgs. The rise of Grotius marks a defeat in which the lawyers of an emerging Europe of nation-states triumph over the Aristotelian moral theology of Aquinas and the Second Scholastic.

Keywords: Spain; Poem of the Cid; Averroes; Las Siete Partidas; Second Scholastic; The Song of Roland

Chapter.  11045 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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