Ottoman Conceptions of War and Peace in the Classical Period

A. Nuri Yurdusev

in Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780199755042
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950508 | DOI:
Ottoman Conceptions of War and Peace in the Classical Period

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This chapter examines Ottoman conceptions of war and peace as influenced by the evolution of European conceptions from the fourteenth to the eighteenth century, the classical period of the empire. The Ottoman conception of war and peace developed not just out of the precepts of classical Islamic teaching, but also—and perhaps more—from the evaluation of the realities of the period. The evolution of Ottoman conceptions during the classical period may accordingly be categorized into two phases: the early or foundational period from the beginning of the fourteenth to the mid-fifteenth century, when traditional notions of ghaza were dominant; and the period of growth from the mid-fifteenth to the late seventeenth century, when raison d’état and European ideas of statecraft became prevalent, though rhetorical lip service to the ghaza continued.

Keywords: Ottoman Empire; ghaza; European statecraft; growth; classical Islamic teaching

Chapter.  8591 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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