Just War and Jihad in the French Conquest of Algeria

Benjamin Claude Brower

in Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780199755042
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950508 | DOI:
Just War and Jihad in the French Conquest of Algeria

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This chapter examines claims of just war and jihad during the first decades of France’s colonial expansion in Algeria. These include the discourses that announced the arrival of France’s army in the summer of 1830 and subsequent French justifications for quelling the Algerian resistance. On the Algerian side, an openly defiant subaltern discourse developed, deploying Enlightenment ideals to challenge France’s claims of moral superiority and modernity. Other discourses looked to Islamic traditions of jihad, the most prominent exponent of which was the amir ‘Abd al-Qadir.

Keywords: Algeria; French colonialism; ‘Abd al-Qadir; Enlightenment

Chapter.  13282 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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