Jihad, <i>Hijra</i>, and Hajj in West Africa

David Robinson

in Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780199755042
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950508 | DOI:
Jihad, Hijra, and Hajj in West Africa

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This chapter examines the response of two Muslim states of West Africa to French and British imperialism. The first was the resistance to French expansion led by Ahmad al-Kabir in present-day Mali. The second was the movement led by ‘Abd al-Rahman in Hausaland (present-day Nigeria) against the advance northward of the British. ‘Abd al-Rahman, like Ahmad al-Kabir, ultimately opted for migration (hijra). The British were concerned about the size and impact of the migration, and forced the caliph to do battle at Burmi. They defeated the Muslim forces and killed the caliph, but many escaped and continued their movement to the east.

Keywords: Ahmad al-Kabir; ‘Abd al-Rahman; hijra; Britain; Burmi; Mali

Chapter.  8998 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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