Chapter

The Value of Using an Evolutionary Framework for Gauging Children's Well-Being

Darcia Narvaez, Jaak Panksepp, Allan N. Schore and Tracy R. Gleason

in Evolution, Early Experience and Human Development

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199755059
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199979479 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755059.003.0001
The Value of Using an Evolutionary Framework for Gauging Children's Well-Being

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Humans, like all mammals, require extensive nurturing after birth in order to facilitate essential psychobiological attachment and other developmental processes. Animal, human psychological, psychiatric, neurobiological, and anthropological research provides converging evidence for the importance and quality of early life conditions for optimal brain and body system development, approximating that which may have transpired in our “environment of evolutionary adaptedness” (EEA). Despite the growing evidence for the negative effects on development of childrearing practices that are inconsistent with those of the EEA, scientific research, theory, and policy recommendations do not yet reflect the emerging findings. This chapter reviews evidence for the importance of presumptive EEA-consistent sociopsychological childrearing, along dimensions that remain relevant today, on developmental outcomes.

Keywords: parenting; evolution; EEA; breastfeeding; touch; play; allomothers; responsivity; childbirth

Chapter.  12973 words. 

Subjects: Developmental Psychology

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