Chapter

Bowlby's “Environment of Evolutionary Adaptedness”

Allan N. Schore

in Evolution, Early Experience and Human Development

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199755059
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199979479 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755059.003.0002
Bowlby's “Environment of Evolutionary Adaptedness”

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Chapter 2 proposes that Bowlby's concept of environment of evolutionary adaptedness describes the psychological space that a particular culture, at any point of anthropological history, creates to scaffold the emotional attachment bonding between mothers and infants, the evolutionary mechanism of attachment. This relational space operates at implicit levels, and it can either be expansive and facilitating or constrictive and inhibiting. In terms of attachment theory, a decrement in the environment of evolutionary adaptedness (EEA) in a particular culture would be expressed in a decrease in secure and an increase in insecure attachment typologies. This in turn would reflect alterations in right brain maturation and limbic-autonomic functioning and reduced efficiency in implicit stress and affect regulation. Early right brain development not only allows entry into a particular culture but also shapes the culture itself.

Keywords: right brain; attachment; bowlby; parenting; critical periods; EEA

Chapter.  17282 words. 

Subjects: Developmental Psychology

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