Chapter

Brave Men and Manliness

Jarrod L. Whitaker

in Strong Arms and Drinking Strength

Published in print February 2011 | ISBN: 9780199755707
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199895274 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755707.003.0003
Brave Men and Manliness

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Chapter 2 examines the use of the terms vïrá and vïryá, which signify a man’s role as a brave warrior and his manly virile powers and qualities. R̥gvedic poet-priests promote various ways that men can prove their masculinity, but the dominant role is that of man as warrior. Poets expect that men defined by the terms vïrá and vïryá will acquire wealth from violent excursions and distribute the resultant spoils among clansmen. The use of these two terms also highlights the patriarchal nature of early Vedic culture as males are marked at birth with this androcentric martial role, while also being objectified as commodities in their own right. In addition, fathers, lords, and sacrificial patrons should possess and control males, whether young or old, and, through ritual performances, these patriarchal figures affirm their status, virility, and command of sons and able-bodied men.

Keywords: warrior; manliness; warfare; spoils of war; patriarchy; children; fatherhood; birth; virá; vïryá

Chapter.  20093 words. 

Subjects: Hinduism

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