Chapter

Crossing Borders to Make Ends Meet

Jacqui True

in The Political Economy of Violence against Women

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780199755929
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199979516 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755929.003.0004

Series: Oxford Studies in Gender and International Relations

Crossing Borders to Make Ends Meet

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Chapter 4 examines violence against women in the context of the political economy of globalization. The first part of the chapter examines the global and local environments that accentuate gendered inequalities, migration for precarious employment, and the attendant risks of violence. The second part considers women's survival strategies, especially the choice to migrate, given the need for their labor in developed countries and for their income in often impoverished families and countries. The third part of the chapter investigates state responses to labor exploitation, highlighting the criminal justice approach adopted to stem trafficking in particular. The chapter argues that governments in sending and receiving countries have failed to protect migrant women workers and to attend to the socioeconomic inequalities at the root of labor exploitation and trafficking. The fourth part of the chapter analyzes a similar failure at the international level, noting how countertrafficking strategies tend to perpetuate violence against women with their focus almost solely on prosecution rather than prevention. The chapter concludes by considering alternative strategies for preventing violence suggested by a political economy perspective.

Keywords: globalization of labor; transnational migration; sex trafficking; countertrafficking; socioeconomic inequality; survival strategies

Chapter.  10149 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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