Chapter

New Spaces of Gender Violence

Jacqui True

in The Political Economy of Violence against Women

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780199755929
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199979516 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755929.003.0005

Series: Oxford Studies in Gender and International Relations

New Spaces of Gender Violence

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Chapter 5 explores how the growth of trade has facilitated the globalization of export-oriented, labor-intensive industries. The destabilization of social and economic life by macroeconomic policies is associated with growing inequalities and increasing levels of violence against women in several regions. The creation of “free trade” exacerbates gendered inequalities and creates unregulated environments in which violence against women thrives. The first part of this chapter explores violence against women in countries that have undergone political and economic transitions, drawing on the case of Russia. The second part explores cases of both manufacturing and extractive export industries and their impact on violence against women, particularly the increasing incidence of femicide. The third part considers the role of international financial institutions that have extended development loans for export industries, exacerbating sexual and gender-based violence in places such as Papua New Guinea and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The chapter concludes by reflecting on initiatives that could forge nonviolent economies that improve gender-equal livelihoods and opportunities as a way to diminish the violence against women.

Keywords: free trade; development loans; femicide; nonviolent economiesmanufacturing industries; export industries

Chapter.  7462 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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