Prescience, Pluralism, and Profit

Maura Jane Farrelly

in Papist Patriots

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199757718
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932504 | DOI:
Prescience, Pluralism, and Profit

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This chapter addresses the “ungracious silence” that has characterized many historians’ treatment of George and Cecilius Calvert. It charts the efforts of the first and second Lords Baltimore to realize a profit in the New World by creating a pluralist society. It notes the uniqueness of the Maryland Charter – and specifically the Durham Clause that gave the colony’s proprietor a vast degree of autonomy. Initially, Cecilius Calvert tried to realize a profitable degree of pluralism in Maryland by constructing a government that was dominated by the colony’s Catholic minority – but then instructing Catholics to practice their faith quietly and without the support of the state, so as not to antagonize the Protestant majority. Arguments between the proprietor and the Jesuits, followed by a revolt known as the Ingle-Claiborne Rebellion, quickly made it apparent that Calvert’s strategy would not work. It was then that the proprietor turned to the Durham Clause.

Keywords: George Calvert; Cecilius Calvert; Lord Baltimore; Durham Clause; Ingle-Claiborne Rebellion; Richard Ingle; William Claiborne; Jesuits; pluralism; profit

Chapter.  18093 words. 

Subjects: Christianity

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