Chapter

Inconsistencies and Consequences

Maura Jane Farrelly

in Papist Patriots

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199757718
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932504 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757718.003.0003
Inconsistencies and Consequences

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When it came to the issue of religion – and specifically to the relationship between Church and State – Cecilius Calvert was far ahead of his times in his attempt to construct a society that had no state-supported church and mandated an atmosphere of civility and legal tolerance for all Christians. When it came to government, however – and specifically to the relationship between governors and those they governed – Calvert was behind the times, or at the very least unappreciative of the fact that the times were changing, and that his philosophies of government were failing to keep up. This chapter considers Calvert’s Act Concerning Religion, the absolutist approach to authority of the second Lord Baltimore and his son, Charles, the impact of the English Civil War and the Glorious Revolution on Protestant-Catholic relations in Maryland, and the end of the proprietorship of the Catholic Lords Baltimore.

Keywords: Cecilus Calvert; Charles Calvert; Act Concerning Religion; English Civil War; Glorious Revolution; absolutism

Chapter.  14588 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Christianity

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