Chapter

The Trials Of Jesus

Jonathan Burnside

in God, Justice, and Society

Published in print November 2010 | ISBN: 9780199759217
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199827084 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759217.003.0013
The Trials Of Jesus

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This chapter shows how particular biblical laws such as blasphemy, false prophecy, and false teaching were understood at the time of the New Testament, and how they interfaced with other legal traditions, such as Roman law and custom. It shows how each of the main charges in the Jewish and Roman proceedings is introduced and developed in advance of Jesus' trials. They included charges of false prophecy, false teaching, leading Israel astray, blasphemy, forbidding payment of taxes, and threatening to destroy the Temple. The charges against Jesus were suitable because of their salience both for the religious establishment and for the Romans. The chapter shows that there are hitherto-unnoticed structural parallels between the proceedings before Caiaphas and Pontius Pilate, as well as parallels between the trials of Jesus and modern miscarriages of justice.

Keywords: blasphemy; Caiaphas; false prophecy; Jesus; miscarriages of justice; Pontius Pilate; Roman law; false teaching

Chapter.  17179 words. 

Subjects: Public International Law

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