Chapter

On the Separateness of Individuals, Compensation, and Aggregation within Lives

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199759446
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932214 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0004

Series: Oxford Ethics Series

On the Separateness of Individuals, Compensation, and Aggregation within Lives

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Chapters 2 and 3 dealt with aggregation and problems about trade-offs between lives. This chapter argues that similar issues arise regarding aggregation and trade-offs within lives. Intrapersonal problems about aggregation have been less widely recognized than their interpersonal counterparts, and they are perhaps of less practical significance. However, they raise similar theoretical questions that are deeply problematic. The chapter begins by commenting on two related factors that have obscured the fact that there are problems about aggregation within lives: the separateness of individuals, and the possibility of compensation within a life, but not between lives. It then considers various reasons to reject a simple additive-aggregationist approach for measuring the goodness of an individual life. The considerations presented here will help with understanding Chapter 5, where problems about trade-off s within lives are discussed.

Keywords: aggregation; trade-offs; lives; intrapersonal problems

Chapter.  17948 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Philosophy

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