Chapter

On the Value of Utility and Two Models for Combining Ideals

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199759446
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932214 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0010

Series: Oxford Ethics Series

On the Value of Utility and Two Models for Combining Ideals

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The previous chapters argued that we have a number of important beliefs that are inconsistent, and explored numerous objections, responses, and implications of this book's arguments. It was noted that often, in comparing outcomes, we adopt an additive-aggregationist approach, but often we adopt an anti-additive-aggregationist approach, and each approach seems plausible depending on the context. This chapter turns to important new issues, considering how such approaches fit with our understanding of the value of utility, and the relation between utility and other ideals. It explores different way of understanding the value of utility and two different models for combining ideals, one of which (seemingly) fits additive-aggregationist views and the other of which (seemingly) fits anti-additive-aggregationist views. Exploring the value of utility and the different models for combining ideals will shed significant new light on the nature of the good, and the relations, scope, and structure of ideals.

Keywords: additive-aggregationist approach; anti-additive-aggregationist approach; utility; ideals

Chapter.  26986 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Philosophy

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