Exit and Military Occupations

Gregory H. Fox

in Exit Strategies and State Building

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199760114
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199949991 | DOI:
Exit and Military Occupations

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Do the experiences of occupying powers provide any useful lessons for exit from multilateral state-building missions? The two share many characteristics: both have followed the end of an armed conflict, both intimately involve outsiders in questions of how a state is governed, and both would appear to share the objective of leaving behind a state at peace, one in which all major factions are sufficiently engaged in new political institutions to avoid a return to fighting. This chapter concludes that despite these similarities, substantial differences between occupation and multilateral state-building make direct comparisons difficult. Occupying powers have generally not used liberal social reforms—the primary objective of multilateral state-building missions—to secure the long-term peace, because their reasons for going to war in the first place generally did not involve ending internal strife within states and building cohesive societies. The exceptions—four cases of “transformative occupation”—can help illuminate when reformist missions, once undertaken, are likely to succeed.

Keywords: belligerent; civil war; military occupation; international law; transformative occupation

Chapter.  10687 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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