Chapter

The Urgent Need for Structural-Environmental Models of HIV Risk and Prevention in U.S. Latino Populations

Kurt C. Organista, Paula A. Worby, James Quesada, Alex H. Kral, Rafael M. Díaz, Torsten B. Neilands and Sonya G. Arreola

in HIV Prevention with Latinos

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199764303
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950232 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764303.003.0001
The Urgent Need for Structural-Environmental Models of HIV Risk and Prevention in U.S. Latino Populations

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This chapter presents a structural-environmental model of alcohol-related sexual HIV risk and prevention in Latino migrant day laborers (LMDLs). That is, the structural vulnerability of LMDLs to HIV, problem drinking, and many other psychosocial and health problems are theorized as rooted in the harsh living and working conditions that are reproduced for day labor in America (i.e., poverty, prolonged separation from family and country of origin, loneliness and isolation, stigma). Thus HIV prevention should involve scaling up community and cultural resources that help to mitigate such structural vulnerability, and help individuals cope more effectively with the risky environments and situations they frequently encounter. Chapter 1 serves as an overriding frame for subsequent book chapters, each of which considers where it stands in relation to a structural-environmental model of HIV risk and prevention in U.S. Latinos.

Keywords: HIV; AIDS; prevention; migrant day laborers; structural-environmental factors

Chapter.  10549 words.  Illustrated.

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