Chapter

Enhancing Peer Norms, Self-Efficacy, Self-Esteem, and Social Support for Safe Sex in Naturalistic Environments

Jesus Ramirez-Valles, Lisa M. Kuhns and Haiyan Li

in HIV Prevention with Latinos

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199764303
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950232 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764303.003.0002
Enhancing Peer Norms, Self-Efficacy, Self-Esteem, and Social Support for Safe Sex in Naturalistic Environments

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Evidence suggests that volunteerism and activism in GLBT and AIDS organizations and communities are protective against sexual risk and substance use. Yet, the mechanisms by which community involvement is protective are poorly understood, particularly in Latino gay, bisexual, and transgender (GBT) populations. This chapter researches four potential mediators of the association between community involvement and safe sex: self-esteem, social support, safe sex peer norms, and safe sex self-efficacy. Results showed that community involvement in GLBT or HIV/AIDS organizations was positively associated with social support, peer norms, and safer sex self-efficacy (N = 643 Latino GLBT). Involvement in other causes was not associated with these factors. Safe sex was also predicted by peer norms and safe sex self-efficacy. Thus, promoting naturally occurring activities such as volunteerism and activism as prevention strategies may be more effective, sustainable, and less expensive than structured didactic approaches to sexual risk reduction among Latino GBT.

Keywords: safe sex; activism; volunteerism; HIV; AIDS; LGBT

Chapter.  7035 words.  Illustrated.

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