Value, Truth, and Control

E. Tory Higgins

in Beyond Pleasure and Pain

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199765829
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199918966 | DOI:

Series: Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience

Value, Truth, and Control

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This chapter describes the three different ways of being effective—value, truth, and control—that together constitute what it means for people to want to be effective in their life pursuits. “Value effectiveness” means actors being successful in ending with the outcomes they desire. “Truth effectiveness” means actors being successful in knowing what is real. “Control effectiveness” means actors experiencing success at managing what is required (procedures, competencies, resources) to make something happen (or not happen). The chapter then provides some examples of why it is useful, and even necessary, to distinguish among value, truth, and control. This is followed by a discussion of ways of being effective in relation to other motivations.

Keywords: value; truth; control; effectiveness; life pursuits

Chapter.  9619 words. 

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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