Chapter

Value–Truth Relations

E. Tory Higgins

in Beyond Pleasure and Pain

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199765829
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199918966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765829.003.0019

Series: Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience

Value–Truth Relations

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“Commitment” means to pledge or bind oneself to some particular course of action, and for such a pledge to occur the action must be seen as being worthwhile, as having what's desired. Thus, value is an important contributor to commitment. But value alone is not enough: the meaning of “commitment” also includes the concept of putting your trust in something. And people must establish something as real in order to put their trust in it. Thus, commitment also requires truth, a belief in the likelihood that something will occur as a result of this commitment. Commitment, then, derives from a combination of value and truth—it involves value and truth working together. This chapter reviews the different ways in which this combination operates. When do people choose to commit to something? What conditions support such commitment? These are central issues in the chapter. It begins by discussing the value-likelihood relation—the best-known value-truth relation that creates commitment to something. It then discusses the different ways in which truth, represented as likelihood, is a motivational force in its own right that affects both commitment and value itself.

Keywords: commitment; value; truth; value-likelihood relation; motivation

Chapter.  14530 words. 

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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