Chapter

<i>Psyche</i> and <i>Soma</i>

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199766499
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950263 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0001
Psyche and Soma

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This chapter studies the ancient Greeks' understanding of the soul and body, as well as the relationship between the two. It discusses a set of basic notions, including movement and keeping the body together against disintegration, and the heart. It studies the start of scientific thought, from the pre-Socratic philosophers until the height of classic Greek philosophy. It focuses on the works of Plato and Aristotle and outlines the development of early Greek conceptions about the soul and body. It then examines how these notions influenced the birth of scientific medicine. This chapter concludes with a review of the teachings on the soul and body by some representatives of Epicureanism and Stoicism, which are two opposing philosophical-scientific schools that prospered from the post-Aristotelian period until the rise of the Roman Empire.

Keywords: soul; body; heart; scientific thought; Plato; Aristotle; classic Greek philosophy; pre-Socratic philosophers; Epicureanism; Stoicism

Chapter.  16996 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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