The Islamic Ascendancy

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199766499
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950263 | DOI:
The Islamic Ascendancy

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This chapter studies the emergence of Islam, a civilization that found value in previous works and teachings on nature, medicine, and science. It shows that Arab physicians referred to the works of Aristotle and Galen to help improve their science and guide them through medical knowledge and practice. This chapter shows a renewal in anatomical investigation and studies Islamic medicine and science.

Keywords: Islam; Arab physicians; Aristotle; Galen; science; medical knowledge; medical practice; anatomical investigation; Islamic medicine

Chapter.  7732 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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