Chapter

Experiment and Observation

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199766499
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950263 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0007
Experiment and Observation

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This chapter discusses five individuals who questioned nature instead of the books of men. The first sections discuss William Harvey and Jan Swammerdam, who are known for their works on the cardiovascular system and dissection, respectively. This is followed by a discussion on Marcello Malpighi, who researched extensively on brain structure, and Antoni van Leeuwenhoek, who provided the first authentic image of the nervous system. It ends with a section on Niels Stensen, who focused on the muscles. This chapter also briefly discusses microscopy, one of the greatest developments during the 17th century.

Keywords: William Harvey; Jan Swammerdam; cardiovascular system; dissection; Marcello Malpighi; brain structure; Antoni van Leeuwenhoek; nervous system; Niels Stensen; microscopy

Chapter.  13426 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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