Chapter

Non-Spiritual Physiology I:

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199766499
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950263 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0011
Non-Spiritual Physiology I:

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This chapter outlines the views about physical or natural responses from ancient Greek philosophers until the revolutionary medical theories that were introduced by Giorgio Baglivi and Francis Glisson. It studies Baglivi's claim that fibers composing the organs—particularly the muscles—are directly responsive to irritation. It shows that the Scientific Revolution that occurred during the Renaissance had deeply affected the understanding of living matter in a deep and very basic way: Organs were all composed of fibers, despite their differences in form and function. Gottfried Leibniz is credited as being the first one to have held this view.

Keywords: physical responses; medical theories; Giorgio Baglivi; Francis Glisson; fibers; irritation; Scientific Revolution; living matter; organs; Gottfried Leibniz

Chapter.  8684 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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