Non-Spiritual Physiology II:

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199766499
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950263 | DOI:
Non-Spiritual Physiology II:

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This chapter is concerned with the fast development of the notion of irritability during the 18th century. This developed through the envisioning of various sensitive-motive “principles” found within the body and the creation of an elaborated theory of fibers. It discusses the influential work of Albrecht von Haller, who changed the concepts and methodologies of the physiology of the neuromuscular system forever. This chapter notes that it is Haller and his work on irritability that marked the arrival of irreversible decline for the idea of animal spirit.

Keywords: irritability; sensitive-motive principles; theory of fibers; Albrecht von Haller; physiology; neuromuscular system; animal spirit

Chapter.  10013 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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